Hemp & CBD FAQ

Hemp plants at Springdale Farm

What Is CBD, and how can it help me?


CBD, or cannabidiol, is a form of cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant. There are dozens of cannabinoids in the hemp plant, each of which interacts with the endocannabinoid receptors in the human body in a different way. CBD, along with THC, are among the more well-known and extensively studied forms of cannabinoids. Although legally we can not make any claims about the benefits of CBD and hemp extract, the are numerous articles online about how CBD can be beneficial to you. This article from healthline.com is easy to read and is a good place to start.




What is "cold-press" extraction?


Cold pressing hemp involves running the entire plant through a press/juicer. The oil that squeezes out contains all of the vitamins, nutrients, fats, and beneficial phytonutrients that are in the naturally in the plant. Currently the two most common methods used in extracting CBD are ethanol-based extraction and CO2 extraction. Both methods inculde raising the temperature of the oil. In an effort to produce the purest product we feel it's best to avoid using heat, solvents, and other chemicals when dealing with our beautiful hemp plants. Which is why we are using the cold-press method, even though the costs are higher. Linked here is an article that describes the different extraction methods. It was written by the company that we work with to cold-press our hemp. Note: in the article they have thier own products for sale. Those are not ours.




What is THC?


THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) is a cannabinoid found in hemp plants. It is the cannabinoid that causes the “high” feeling. Our CBD products contain less than 0.3% THC (the federal legal limit), so there is no risk of feeling high.




What does "full-spectrum" hemp extract mean?


Full spectrum hemp extract is pure oil that is extracted from the hemp plant and contains the dozens of cannabinoids and hundreds of compounds found in the original hemp plant. Sometimes full spectrum is also referred to as “Whole Plant” or “Full Plant” extract. These products have all the vitamins, minerals, fatty acids, proteins, flavonoids, and terpenes you find in a hemp plant with CBD being one of the most abundant cannabinoids. All of these cannabinoids work with the terpenes, flavonoids, and fatty acids to create what’s called the entourage effect where all the ingredients work together to deliver a combined benefit. Full spectrum works from the idea that the whole plant is greater than the sum of its parts and it works directly with the human body’s endocannabinoid system.




What is Hemp? Are hemp, marijuana, and cannabis interchangeable terms?


Hemp and marijuana are different species of the Cannabis Sativa plant, and bred for different purposes. They aslo have separate definitions in U.S. law and are subject to different statutory and regulatory requirements. Industrial hemp is clutivated mainly for fiber and seeds, and more recently for CBD concentrantion. Since 2018 (when the Farm Bill removed "hemp" from the Controlled Substances Act) growing industial hemp for CBD, fiber or other purposes is legal in all 50 states as long as concentrations of THC are under 0.3%. Marijauna plants on the other hand are mainly bred and cultivated for their THC content, which is still currently a federally controlled substance under the CSA (Controlled Substances Act), although many states have on their have own programs that allow for growing, and selling THC products. At Springdale Farm we grow several strains of hemp that are specifically bred for their high CBD content, and we are always experimenting to find strains that grow well in our specific soils and climate conditions.




Is organic important?


The short answer is yes, very! Especially for hemp products that are being used for medicine and food! If the plant material contains pesticides, fertilizer residues and heavy metals absorbed from non-organic soils, then the oils extracted from the plant will also contain the same contaminants. This is especially true when the hemp is concentrated into oil and CBD. The CBD concentrate can ultimately contain more toxins than the plant itself. Using our own USDA organically-grown hemp in our CBD products ensures the cleanest, purest product. We have our hemp growing in the same soil as our vegetables, treating it with the same care and responsible farming practices we’ve been using for over 30 years!




How much CBD should I take? What does 1,000 mg CBD per bottle mean?


Our 30mL CBD oil bottles contain 1000 mg of CBD per bottle. When buying products that contain CBD it is important to check that there is an amount (usually in mg) listed on the label. A product labeled as containing "CBD", without specifing how much, may have so little CBD as to not have any effect. The serving size suggested on our 30mL CBD oil bottles is 1 mL (about 20 drops). 20 drops of our CBD hemp oil contains approximately 33.3 mg of CBD (that’s about 1.6 mg CBD per drop). We suggest starting with a small amount, and gradually increasing it until the desired effects are achieved. Recommended directions for taking our 1000 mg CBD oil: Adults take 1 mL (about 20 drops) under your tongue, keep there for 60 seconds then swallow. Dilute in drink if flavor is too strong.




How much CBD should I give my dog?


Our Springdale Farm CBD dog treats contain 5mg of CBD per treat. This could be too high or too low, depending on the size, ailment, and weight of your pet. We suggest starting a dog that weighs under 20 pounds with a smaller fraction of a treat, then work your way up. Please consult your veterinarian about how many milligrams of CBD to start your dog with.




How does CBD affect the body?


CBD impacts your endocannabinoid system (ECS). Experts are still trying to fully understand this bodily system, but so far we know that it is connected with homeostasis and the regulation of a number of processes and systems within the body. There are two types of cannabinoid receptors in the body. CB1 receptors are mostly found in the nervous system, while CB2 receptors are mostly found in the peripheral nervous system, especially in immune cells. Our body produces cannabinoids naturally as needed, which is why we have these receptors in the first place. Scientists believe CBD (unlike THC) does not bind to these receptors. Instead, it works to conserve and prevent the breakdown of our naturally occurring endocannabinoids. The main role of our ECS is believed to be in aiding the body in a variety of symptoms, depending on which receptors receive it and where it is needed. As an aid in preserving and supporting the ECS, CBD could aid in regulating multiple functions including appetite and digestion, metabolism, chronic pain, inflammation and other immune system responses, mood, learning and memory, motor control, sleep, cardiovascular system function, muscle formation, bone remodeling and growth, liver function, reproductive system function, stress, skin and nerve function. This information and more can be found here.




How does the online store and shipping work?


We are happy to offer our CBD products for sale on our online store. We offer free shipping on all products with no minimum order. If you are one of our CSA members (and it is during the CSA season), please select "I'll pick it up myself" on the shipping and delivery section, and then fill out the name associated with your CSA. You will then be prompted to choose your delivery day (Wednesday or Friday). We will send your order with your next share. Thank you, this saves us shipping costs! We also offer shipping directly to your home address with USPS. Please give us 2-3 days to prep and ship your order.




Will I fail a drug test with CBD?


Hemp-derived CBD is federally legal in all 50 states. And many full-spectrum CBD products contain up to the legal limit of 0.3% THC. While pure CBD (CBD isolate) should not show up on a drug test, our products are made from full-spetrum hemp extract, meaning they contain all of the compounds that occur naturally in the plant they were extracted from. In other words, full-spectrum products include CBD alongside terpenes, flavonoids, and other cannabinoids such as THC. Although small (below 0.3% by volume), this amount of THC can show up on a drug test. You would need to take about 1500-2000 mgs of full-spectrum CBD for this to be the case. Below is an excerpt from an article that helps explain the different types of drug tests and their THC thresholds. Find the full article here: www.confirmbiosciences.com/knowledge/blog/cbd-fail-drug-test/ "Varying Threshold Levels of Drug Tests Can Lead to Surprising Positive Results Different types of drug tests vary in their thresholds for detecting THC.
Take, for instance, the traditional urine drug test. This test detects THC content only when the amount of THC is above 50 ng/mL. According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, the amount of THC in any individual should be below 50 ng/mL.6 So even if an employee has consumed a pure CBD product containing less than 0.3% of THC, if the amount of CBD consumed was more than 2,000 mg, the CBD content will exceed the cut off of 50 ng/mL, which will, in turn, produce a positive THC drug test result.
However, people rarely consume 2,000 mg of CBD product; this amount of CBD is higher than what the average consumer takes."